The mechanisms by which angiotensin II type 1 receptor is distributed and the diffusional pattern in the plasma membrane (PM) remain unclear, despite their crucial role in cardiovascular homeostasis. In this work, we obtained quantitative information of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) lateral dynamics as well as changes in the diffusion properties after stimulation with ligands in living cells using photoactivated localization microscopy (PALM) combined with image spatial-temporal correlation analysis. To study the organization of the receptor at the nanoscale, expansion microscopy (ExM) combined with PALM was performed. This study revealed that AT1R lateral diffusion increased after binding to angiotensin II (Ang II) and the receptor diffusion was transiently confined in the PM. In addition, ExM revealed that AT1R formed nanoclusters at the PM and the cluster size significantly decreased after Ang II treatment. Taking these results together suggest that Ang II binding and activation cause reorganization and changes in the dynamics of AT1R at the PM.
|Status||Udgivet - 17. jan. 2023|