Physical Activity Recommendations for Early Childhood: An International Analysis of Ten Different Countries’ Current National Physical Activity Policies and Practices for those under the Age of 5

Bidragets oversatte titel: Anbefalinger for fysisk aktivitet blandt de yngste børn og unge: En analyse af ti landes eksisterende nationale fysisk aktivitet anbefalinger for børn under 5 år

Danielle Louise Nørager Johansen, Thomas Skovgaard, Kristine De Martelaer, Marieke De Craemer, Boris Jidovtseff, Jinxia Dong, Arja Sääkslahti (Redaktør), Roland Naul, Maura Coulter, Christina Duff, Patrizia Tortella, Guido Fumagalli, Ingunn Fjortoft, Kristy Howells (Redaktør), Mark Urtel, Debra Vinci, Christopher Wirth

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

Resumé

During the last two decades there have been growing interests on recommendations for children’s physical activity. The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the first global international recommendations for children in 2010, focusing on children and youth aged 5-17-year olds. The recommendations were based on the dose-response relationship between the frequency, duration, intensity, type and amount of physical activity needed for prevention of non-communicable diseases. Until 2019, there was a gap in the recommendations, as the WHO did not offer global recommendations for those children under the age of 5 (early years). The new recent guidelines (WHO, 2019) now offer a focused recommendations for physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for under 5 years of age, however what the guidelines do not offer are ways in which early years’ practitioners and teachers can support physical activity through play to ensure children are inspired, motivated and competent to have a physically active daily life as well enjoy moving.

An international policy and practice analysis, (not previously undertaken), of ten sample countries, was completed of current national physical activity practices. Also, an international comparison of early years’ education settings was examined, specifically for those under the age of 5, to investigate current curricula, as well as the qualifications, knowledge and understanding of those supporting children’s learning in different cultural contexts. The sample of ten countries (Belgium, China, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Norway, United Kingdom and United States of America) questioned whether the global daily physical activity recommendations (WHO, 2010), currently applied at time of analysis, are costumed and used for to the early years’ age group on a national level or if they need to be adjusted, especially in light of the new guidelines.
The analysis revealed that eight countries have developed their own national recommendations for children below the age of 5, while only two countries do not have any early years’ specific physical activity recommendations. National authorities seem to be the most common executive sources behind the recommendations. The content of physical activity for children under the age of 5, mostly included the total amount and intensity of physical activity. The total daily amount of physical activity in these ten countries varies between 60 minutes moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity up to 180 min total light to moderate intensity physical activity and for some countries the daily recommendations are only from age 1 year, not between birth and 1 year, this age range remains unsupported.

The conclusions from the analysis of national recommendations, underlined the need to extend further the new global recommendations so that they are developed to support all countries to go beyond just physical activity intensity levels and to consider how young children’s development can be supported in a versatile way by physically active play. Also age specific recommendations are offered for appropriate and purposeful physical activity to support early years and school aged children’s overall development. The findings also suggest educational recommendations for staff members of early childhood education and care settings to know appropriate and age specific recommendations to ensure they are able to support young children to reach the national and global recommendations. Research recommendations are also proposed.

Key words: Physical activity, Recommendations, Early years’ children, National differences
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelPhysical Education in Early Childhood Education and Care : Researches – Best Practices – Situation
Udgivelses stedBratislava
ForlagFederation Internationale D'Education Physique
Publikationsdato2019
Sider321-336
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-80-89075-81-2
StatusUdgivet - 2019

Emneord

  • Fysisk aktivitet
  • Anbefalinger
  • Børn
  • Nationale forskelle
  • Tidlige år

Citer dette

Johansen, D. L. N., Skovgaard, T., De Martelaer, K., De Craemer, M., Jidovtseff, B., Dong, J., ... Wirth, C. (2019). Physical Activity Recommendations for Early Childhood: An International Analysis of Ten Different Countries’ Current National Physical Activity Policies and Practices for those under the Age of 5. I Physical Education in Early Childhood Education and Care: Researches – Best Practices – Situation (s. 321-336). Bratislava: Federation Internationale D'Education Physique.
Johansen, Danielle Louise Nørager ; Skovgaard, Thomas ; De Martelaer, Kristine ; De Craemer, Marieke ; Jidovtseff, Boris ; Dong, Jinxia ; Sääkslahti, Arja (Redaktør) ; Naul, Roland ; Coulter, Maura ; Duff, Christina ; Tortella, Patrizia ; Fumagalli, Guido ; Fjortoft, Ingunn ; Howells, Kristy (Redaktør) ; Urtel, Mark ; Vinci, Debra ; Wirth, Christopher. / Physical Activity Recommendations for Early Childhood: An International Analysis of Ten Different Countries’ Current National Physical Activity Policies and Practices for those under the Age of 5. Physical Education in Early Childhood Education and Care: Researches – Best Practices – Situation. Bratislava : Federation Internationale D'Education Physique, 2019. s. 321-336
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abstract = "During the last two decades there have been growing interests on recommendations for children’s physical activity. The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the first global international recommendations for children in 2010, focusing on children and youth aged 5-17-year olds. The recommendations were based on the dose-response relationship between the frequency, duration, intensity, type and amount of physical activity needed for prevention of non-communicable diseases. Until 2019, there was a gap in the recommendations, as the WHO did not offer global recommendations for those children under the age of 5 (early years). The new recent guidelines (WHO, 2019) now offer a focused recommendations for physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for under 5 years of age, however what the guidelines do not offer are ways in which early years’ practitioners and teachers can support physical activity through play to ensure children are inspired, motivated and competent to have a physically active daily life as well enjoy moving.An international policy and practice analysis, (not previously undertaken), of ten sample countries, was completed of current national physical activity practices. Also, an international comparison of early years’ education settings was examined, specifically for those under the age of 5, to investigate current curricula, as well as the qualifications, knowledge and understanding of those supporting children’s learning in different cultural contexts. The sample of ten countries (Belgium, China, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Norway, United Kingdom and United States of America) questioned whether the global daily physical activity recommendations (WHO, 2010), currently applied at time of analysis, are costumed and used for to the early years’ age group on a national level or if they need to be adjusted, especially in light of the new guidelines.The analysis revealed that eight countries have developed their own national recommendations for children below the age of 5, while only two countries do not have any early years’ specific physical activity recommendations. National authorities seem to be the most common executive sources behind the recommendations. The content of physical activity for children under the age of 5, mostly included the total amount and intensity of physical activity. The total daily amount of physical activity in these ten countries varies between 60 minutes moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity up to 180 min total light to moderate intensity physical activity and for some countries the daily recommendations are only from age 1 year, not between birth and 1 year, this age range remains unsupported.The conclusions from the analysis of national recommendations, underlined the need to extend further the new global recommendations so that they are developed to support all countries to go beyond just physical activity intensity levels and to consider how young children’s development can be supported in a versatile way by physically active play. Also age specific recommendations are offered for appropriate and purposeful physical activity to support early years and school aged children’s overall development. The findings also suggest educational recommendations for staff members of early childhood education and care settings to know appropriate and age specific recommendations to ensure they are able to support young children to reach the national and global recommendations. Research recommendations are also proposed.Key words: Physical activity, Recommendations, Early years’ children, National differences",
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Johansen, DLN, Skovgaard, T, De Martelaer, K, De Craemer, M, Jidovtseff, B, Dong, J, Sääkslahti, A (red.), Naul, R, Coulter, M, Duff, C, Tortella, P, Fumagalli, G, Fjortoft, I, Howells, K (red.), Urtel, M, Vinci, D & Wirth, C 2019, Physical Activity Recommendations for Early Childhood: An International Analysis of Ten Different Countries’ Current National Physical Activity Policies and Practices for those under the Age of 5. i Physical Education in Early Childhood Education and Care: Researches – Best Practices – Situation. Federation Internationale D'Education Physique, Bratislava, s. 321-336.

Physical Activity Recommendations for Early Childhood: An International Analysis of Ten Different Countries’ Current National Physical Activity Policies and Practices for those under the Age of 5. / Johansen, Danielle Louise Nørager; Skovgaard, Thomas; De Martelaer, Kristine; De Craemer, Marieke; Jidovtseff, Boris ; Dong, Jinxia; Sääkslahti, Arja (Redaktør); Naul, Roland; Coulter, Maura; Duff, Christina; Tortella, Patrizia; Fumagalli, Guido; Fjortoft, Ingunn; Howells, Kristy (Redaktør); Urtel, Mark; Vinci, Debra; Wirth, Christopher.

Physical Education in Early Childhood Education and Care: Researches – Best Practices – Situation. Bratislava : Federation Internationale D'Education Physique, 2019. s. 321-336.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Physical Activity Recommendations for Early Childhood: An International Analysis of Ten Different Countries’ Current National Physical Activity Policies and Practices for those under the Age of 5

AU - Johansen, Danielle Louise Nørager

AU - Skovgaard, Thomas

AU - De Martelaer, Kristine

AU - De Craemer, Marieke

AU - Jidovtseff, Boris

AU - Dong, Jinxia

AU - Naul, Roland

AU - Coulter, Maura

AU - Duff, Christina

AU - Tortella, Patrizia

AU - Fumagalli, Guido

AU - Fjortoft, Ingunn

AU - Urtel, Mark

AU - Vinci, Debra

AU - Wirth, Christopher

A2 - Sääkslahti, Arja

A2 - Howells, Kristy

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - During the last two decades there have been growing interests on recommendations for children’s physical activity. The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the first global international recommendations for children in 2010, focusing on children and youth aged 5-17-year olds. The recommendations were based on the dose-response relationship between the frequency, duration, intensity, type and amount of physical activity needed for prevention of non-communicable diseases. Until 2019, there was a gap in the recommendations, as the WHO did not offer global recommendations for those children under the age of 5 (early years). The new recent guidelines (WHO, 2019) now offer a focused recommendations for physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for under 5 years of age, however what the guidelines do not offer are ways in which early years’ practitioners and teachers can support physical activity through play to ensure children are inspired, motivated and competent to have a physically active daily life as well enjoy moving.An international policy and practice analysis, (not previously undertaken), of ten sample countries, was completed of current national physical activity practices. Also, an international comparison of early years’ education settings was examined, specifically for those under the age of 5, to investigate current curricula, as well as the qualifications, knowledge and understanding of those supporting children’s learning in different cultural contexts. The sample of ten countries (Belgium, China, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Norway, United Kingdom and United States of America) questioned whether the global daily physical activity recommendations (WHO, 2010), currently applied at time of analysis, are costumed and used for to the early years’ age group on a national level or if they need to be adjusted, especially in light of the new guidelines.The analysis revealed that eight countries have developed their own national recommendations for children below the age of 5, while only two countries do not have any early years’ specific physical activity recommendations. National authorities seem to be the most common executive sources behind the recommendations. The content of physical activity for children under the age of 5, mostly included the total amount and intensity of physical activity. The total daily amount of physical activity in these ten countries varies between 60 minutes moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity up to 180 min total light to moderate intensity physical activity and for some countries the daily recommendations are only from age 1 year, not between birth and 1 year, this age range remains unsupported.The conclusions from the analysis of national recommendations, underlined the need to extend further the new global recommendations so that they are developed to support all countries to go beyond just physical activity intensity levels and to consider how young children’s development can be supported in a versatile way by physically active play. Also age specific recommendations are offered for appropriate and purposeful physical activity to support early years and school aged children’s overall development. The findings also suggest educational recommendations for staff members of early childhood education and care settings to know appropriate and age specific recommendations to ensure they are able to support young children to reach the national and global recommendations. Research recommendations are also proposed.Key words: Physical activity, Recommendations, Early years’ children, National differences

AB - During the last two decades there have been growing interests on recommendations for children’s physical activity. The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the first global international recommendations for children in 2010, focusing on children and youth aged 5-17-year olds. The recommendations were based on the dose-response relationship between the frequency, duration, intensity, type and amount of physical activity needed for prevention of non-communicable diseases. Until 2019, there was a gap in the recommendations, as the WHO did not offer global recommendations for those children under the age of 5 (early years). The new recent guidelines (WHO, 2019) now offer a focused recommendations for physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for under 5 years of age, however what the guidelines do not offer are ways in which early years’ practitioners and teachers can support physical activity through play to ensure children are inspired, motivated and competent to have a physically active daily life as well enjoy moving.An international policy and practice analysis, (not previously undertaken), of ten sample countries, was completed of current national physical activity practices. Also, an international comparison of early years’ education settings was examined, specifically for those under the age of 5, to investigate current curricula, as well as the qualifications, knowledge and understanding of those supporting children’s learning in different cultural contexts. The sample of ten countries (Belgium, China, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Norway, United Kingdom and United States of America) questioned whether the global daily physical activity recommendations (WHO, 2010), currently applied at time of analysis, are costumed and used for to the early years’ age group on a national level or if they need to be adjusted, especially in light of the new guidelines.The analysis revealed that eight countries have developed their own national recommendations for children below the age of 5, while only two countries do not have any early years’ specific physical activity recommendations. National authorities seem to be the most common executive sources behind the recommendations. The content of physical activity for children under the age of 5, mostly included the total amount and intensity of physical activity. The total daily amount of physical activity in these ten countries varies between 60 minutes moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity up to 180 min total light to moderate intensity physical activity and for some countries the daily recommendations are only from age 1 year, not between birth and 1 year, this age range remains unsupported.The conclusions from the analysis of national recommendations, underlined the need to extend further the new global recommendations so that they are developed to support all countries to go beyond just physical activity intensity levels and to consider how young children’s development can be supported in a versatile way by physically active play. Also age specific recommendations are offered for appropriate and purposeful physical activity to support early years and school aged children’s overall development. The findings also suggest educational recommendations for staff members of early childhood education and care settings to know appropriate and age specific recommendations to ensure they are able to support young children to reach the national and global recommendations. Research recommendations are also proposed.Key words: Physical activity, Recommendations, Early years’ children, National differences

KW - Fysisk aktivitet

KW - Anbefalinger

KW - Børn

KW - Nationale forskelle

KW - Tidlige år

M3 - Book chapter

SP - 321

EP - 336

BT - Physical Education in Early Childhood Education and Care

PB - Federation Internationale D'Education Physique

CY - Bratislava

ER -

Johansen DLN, Skovgaard T, De Martelaer K, De Craemer M, Jidovtseff B, Dong J et al. Physical Activity Recommendations for Early Childhood: An International Analysis of Ten Different Countries’ Current National Physical Activity Policies and Practices for those under the Age of 5. I Physical Education in Early Childhood Education and Care: Researches – Best Practices – Situation. Bratislava: Federation Internationale D'Education Physique. 2019. s. 321-336