Anal carcinoma - Survival and recurrence in a large cohort of patients treated according to Nordic guidelines

Otilia Leon, Marianne Guren, Oskar Hagberg, Bengt Glimelius, Olav Dahl, Hanne Havsteen, Gisela Naucler, Christer Svensson, Kjell Magne Tveit, Anders Jakobsen, Per Pfeiffer, Eva Wanderås, Tor Ekman, Birgitta Lindh, Lise Balteskard, Gunilla Frykholm, Anders Johnsson

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate treatment outcome in a large population-based cohort of patients with anal cancer treated according to Nordic guidelines.

MATERIAL: Clinical data were collected on 1266 patients with anal squamous cell carcinoma diagnosed from 2000 to 2007 in Sweden, Norway and Denmark. 886 of the patients received radiotherapy 54-64Gy with or without chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil plus cisplatin or mitomycin) according to different protocols, stratified by tumor stage.

RESULTS: High age, male gender, large primary tumor, lymph node metastases, distant metastases, poor performance status, and non-inclusion into a protocol were all independent factors associated with worse outcome. Among patients treated according to any of the protocols, the 3-year recurrence-free survival ranged from 63% to 76%, with locoregional recurrences in 17% and distant metastases in 11% of patients. The highest rate of inguinal recurrence (11%) was seen in patients with small primary tumors, treated without inguinal irradiation.

CONCLUSIONS: Good treatment efficacy was obtained with Nordic, widely implemented, guidelines for treatment of anal cancer. Inguinal prophylactic irradiation should be recommended also for small primary tumors.

TidsskriftRadiotherapy & Oncology
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)352-8
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2014



Leon, O., Guren, M., Hagberg, O., Glimelius, B., Dahl, O., Havsteen, H., Naucler, G., Svensson, C., Tveit, K. M., Jakobsen, A., Pfeiffer, P., Wanderås, E., Ekman, T., Lindh, B., Balteskard, L., Frykholm, G., & Johnsson, A. (2014). Anal carcinoma - Survival and recurrence in a large cohort of patients treated according to Nordic guidelines. Radiotherapy & Oncology, 113(3), 352-8.