An understanding of the atherosclerotic molecular calcific heterogeneity between coronary, upper limb, abdominal, and lower extremity arteries as assessed by NaF PET/CT

Abhijit Bhattaru, Chaitanya Rojulpote, Karthik Gonuguntla, Shivaraj Patil, Pranav Karambelkar, Kiranmayi Vuthaluru, Vincent Zhang, Austin J Borja, William Y Raynor, Thomas J Werner, Oke Gerke, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen, Abass Alavi

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Abstrakt

We aimed to quantify the heterogeneity of atherosclerosis in upper and lower limb vessels using 18F-NaF-PET/CT and compare calcification in coronary arteries to peripheral arteries. 68 healthy controls (42±13.5 years, 35 females, 33 males) and 40 patients at-risk for cardiovascular disease (55±11.9 years, 22 females, 18 males) underwent PET/CT imaging 90 minutes after the injection of 18F-NaF (2.2 Mbq/Kg). The following arteries were examined: coronary artery (CA), ascending aorta (AS), arch of aorta (AR), descending aorta (DA), abdominal aorta (AA), common iliac artery (CIA), external iliac artery (EIA), femoral artery (FA), popliteal artery (PA). Average SUVmean (aSUVmean) was calculated for each arterial segment. A paired t-test compared the aSUVmean between CA vs. AS, AR, DA, AA, CIA, EIA, FA, and PA. CA aSUVmean in the at-risk group was higher than the healthy control group (0.74±0.04 vs. 0.67±0.04, P=0.03). Furthermore, the 18F-NaF uptake in the CA was lower than in AS, AR, DA, AA, CIA, EIA, FA, and PA in both healthy (all P≤0.0001) and at-risk (all P≤0.0001). Higher 18F-NaF uptake in non-cardiac arteries in both healthy controls and patients at-risk suggests CA calcification is a late manifestation of atherosclerosis. This differential expression of atherosclerosis is likely due to interaction of hemodynamic parameters specific to the vascular bed and systemic factors related to the development of atherosclerosis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)40-45
ISSN2160-8407
StatusUdgivet - 28. feb. 2021

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