An Intervention Offering Self-management Support through mHealth and Health Coaching to Patients with Prostate Cancer: Interpretive Description of Patients’ Experiences and Perspectives

Louise Faurholt Obro*, Palle Jörn Sloth Osther, Jette Ammentorp, Gitte Thybo Pihl, Kasper Kvols Heiselberg, Peter Gall Krogh, Charlotte Handberg

*Kontaktforfatter

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Abstract

Background: Observational management strategies such as active surveillance and watchful waiting are considered to be acceptable approaches in patients with low-risk localized prostate cancer and a safe alternative to aggressive treatment. During observational management, treatment is postponed until the disease progresses, which often never occurs. However, approximately 90% of patients with a low-risk disease choose aggressive treatment owing to anxiety. Strategies to address anxiety are needed for optimal management of this population and to improve the quality of life of patients with low-risk localized prostate cancer. A review highlighted that mobile health (mHealth) in tandem with health coaching can support patients’ self-management of health behaviors and improve well-being. Objective: This study aims to explore patients’ experiences with and perspectives on an intervention offering self-management support through the use of mHealth devices and health coaching to identify supportive features that enable patients to perform sustainable changes that improve well-being. Methods: We used an interpretive description approach, combining semistructured interviews with 13 purposively selected patients with prostate cancer and participant observations of patient-coach interactions in coaching sessions. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed. The self-determination theory was used as a theoretical lens. Field notes and coaching notes from each session were used to orient data generation and confirm or challenge the analysis. Results: Our analysis suggested that patients’ self-awareness and psychological identity influenced their experiences with and perspectives on the self-management support offered by mHealth and health coaching in clinical practice. The patients’ individual experiences and perspectives indicated that they placed themselves in a dynamic continuum of sustaining or repressing their identity, self-awareness, and individual qualities. Our analysis revealed 4 interacting themes, all related to the psychological identity of the patients. Conclusions: For the group of patients with prostate cancer to experience well-being, we found it important for them to sustain their self-image when offered a self-management intervention. Motivation and autonomy were important aspects for the individual patients to sustain their self-image throughout the intervention. In contrast, demotivation and a sense of paternalism could result in fostering an experience of having to repress self-awareness.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere34471
TidsskriftJMIR Formative Research
Vol/bind6
Udgave nummer9
Antal sider12
ISSN2561-326X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank all participating patients and the staff of the urological outpatient clinic at Vejle Hospital.

Publisher Copyright:
© Louise Faurholt Obro, Palle Jörn Sloth Osther, Jette Ammentorp, Gitte Thybo Pihl, Kasper Kvols Heiselberg, Peter Gall Krogh, Charlotte Handberg.

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