An evaluation of the diagnostic value of different skin tests with egg in clinically egg-allergic children having atopic dermatitis

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Abstrakt

Skin testing is a common diagnostic procedure in food allergy, but the final diagnosis of food allergy is based on the clinical response to food challenge. We studied the value of the skin prick-prick test (SPT), skin application food test (SAFT) and atopy patch test (APT) with fresh egg extract in diagnosing egg allergy. Ten clinically egg-allergic children with atopic dermatitis (AD; age 10 months to 8.4 yr, mean 3.4 yr) and 10 egg-tolerant children with and 10 without AD (age 2.4-11 yr, mean 5.5 yr) participated. In SAFT several false-negative reactions were seen, whereas all clinically egg-allergic children were positive in SPT and 40-60% in APT. In APT and in SPT false-positive reactions to egg were observed. In this study comprising a small number of patients including control subjects, neither SAFT nor APT with fresh whole egg extract were able to increase the diagnostic accuracy in detecting egg-allergic children with AD compared with SPT.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPediatric Allergy and Immunology
Vol/bind15
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)428-434
ISSN0905-6157
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2004

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