In spite of a declining trend over the last decades, Germany still remains one of the leading countries in the world in per capita alcohol consumption. Risky consumption patterns can already be found in children and adolescents. About 12% of the 12 to 15 year olds and almost half of the 16 to 19 year olds practice risky single occasion drinking once or more per month. Amongst adults between 18 and 59 years old about 22% consume alcohol in such a way that over the long term, physical, mental and social consequences can be expected. Excessive alcohol consumption is especially a problem for middle-aged men, and can also play a causal role in various diseases, for example, liver disorders, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, mental illness as well as accidents. Moreover, excessive alcohol consumption among women during pregnancy can lead to perinatal disorders in their children. According to DSMIV criteria, it is estimated that 1.6 Mio of the adult general population can be considered alcohol dependent. According to official statistics, about one-fifth to one-fourth of all violent crime is committed under the influence of alcohol. Every ninth traffic accident is estimated to be alcohol-related. Costs involving alcohol-related illnesses have been estimated to total almost 20 billion Euros. Additionally, alcohol-related mortality in Germany has been estimated to total about 42,000 deaths per year. A varied spectrum of counseling and treatment options for alcohol dependency is available. Local and inter-regional primary prevention efforts, often supported by the German Centre on Addiction Problems (DHS) and the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA), continue to play an important role. Secondary prevention efforts to reduce the extent of alcohol dependency and abuse are increasingly receiving more attention.
|Bidragets oversatte titel||Alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm|
|Forlag||Robert Koch Institut|
|Status||Udgivet - 2008|
|Navn||German national health reports, (Gesundheitsberichterstattung des Bundes)|
- alkohol, akoholproblemer,