Agreement and precision of periprosthetic bone density measurements in micro-CT, single and dual energy CT

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

The objective of this study was to test the precision and agreement between bone mineral density measurements performed in micro CT, single and dual energy computed tomography, to determine how the keV level influences density measurements and to assess the usefulness of quantitative dual energy computed tomography as a research tool for longitudinal studies aiming to measure bone loss adjacent to total hip replacements. Samples from 10 fresh-frozen porcine femoral heads were placed in a Perspex phantom and computed tomography was performed with two acquisition modes. Bone mineral density was calculated and compared with measurements derived from micro CT. Repeated scans and dual measurements were performed in order to measure between- and within-scan precision. Mean density difference between micro CT and single energy computed tomography was 72 mg HA/cm 3. For dual energy CT, the mean difference at 100 keV was 128 mg HA/cm 3 while the mean difference at 110–140 keV ranged from −84 to −67 mg HA/cm 3 compared with micro CT. Rescanning the samples resulted in a non-significant overall between-scan difference of 13 mg HA/cm 3. Bland–Altman limits of agreement were wide and intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.29 to 0.72, while 95% confidence intervals covered almost the full possible range. Repeating the density measurements for within-scan precision resulted in ICCs >0.99 and narrow limits of agreement. Single and dual energy quantitative CT showed excellent within-scan precision, but poor between-scan precision. No significant density differences were found in dual energy quantitative CT at keV-levels above 110 keV.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Vol/bind35
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)1470-1477
ISSN0736-0266
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2017

Fingeraftryk

Bone Density
Hip Replacement Arthroplasties
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Longitudinal Studies
Confidence Intervals
Research

Emneord

  • bone loss
  • Bone mineral density
  • Hip arthroplasty
  • micro CT
  • quantitative CT
  • computed tomography

Citer dette

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title = "Agreement and precision of periprosthetic bone density measurements in micro-CT, single and dual energy CT",
abstract = "The objective of this study was to test the precision and agreement between bone mineral density measurements performed in micro CT, single and dual energy computed tomography, to determine how the keV level influences density measurements and to assess the usefulness of quantitative dual energy computed tomography as a research tool for longitudinal studies aiming to measure bone loss adjacent to total hip replacements. Samples from 10 fresh-frozen porcine femoral heads were placed in a Perspex phantom and computed tomography was performed with two acquisition modes. Bone mineral density was calculated and compared with measurements derived from micro CT. Repeated scans and dual measurements were performed in order to measure between- and within-scan precision. Mean density difference between micro CT and single energy computed tomography was 72 mg HA/cm 3. For dual energy CT, the mean difference at 100 keV was 128 mg HA/cm 3 while the mean difference at 110–140 keV ranged from −84 to −67 mg HA/cm 3 compared with micro CT. Rescanning the samples resulted in a non-significant overall between-scan difference of 13 mg HA/cm 3. Bland–Altman limits of agreement were wide and intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.29 to 0.72, while 95{\%} confidence intervals covered almost the full possible range. Repeating the density measurements for within-scan precision resulted in ICCs >0.99 and narrow limits of agreement. Single and dual energy quantitative CT showed excellent within-scan precision, but poor between-scan precision. No significant density differences were found in dual energy quantitative CT at keV-levels above 110 keV.",
keywords = "bone loss, Bone mineral density, Hip arthroplasty, micro CT, quantitative CT, computed tomography, bone loss, bone mineral density, hip, micro CT, quantitative CT, X-Ray Microtomography/methods, Animals, Bone Density, Swine, Hip Prosthesis, Femur Head/diagnostic imaging",
author = "Mussmann, {Bo Redder} and S{\o}ren Overgaard and Trine Torfing and Peter Traise and Oke Gerke and Andersen, {Poul Erik}",
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Agreement and precision of periprosthetic bone density measurements in micro-CT, single and dual energy CT. / Mussmann, Bo Redder; Overgaard, Søren; Torfing, Trine; Traise, Peter; Gerke, Oke; Andersen, Poul Erik.

I: Journal of Orthopaedic Research, Bind 35, Nr. 7, 07.2017, s. 1470-1477.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Agreement and precision of periprosthetic bone density measurements in micro-CT, single and dual energy CT

AU - Mussmann, Bo Redder

AU - Overgaard, Søren

AU - Torfing, Trine

AU - Traise, Peter

AU - Gerke, Oke

AU - Andersen, Poul Erik

PY - 2017/7

Y1 - 2017/7

N2 - The objective of this study was to test the precision and agreement between bone mineral density measurements performed in micro CT, single and dual energy computed tomography, to determine how the keV level influences density measurements and to assess the usefulness of quantitative dual energy computed tomography as a research tool for longitudinal studies aiming to measure bone loss adjacent to total hip replacements. Samples from 10 fresh-frozen porcine femoral heads were placed in a Perspex phantom and computed tomography was performed with two acquisition modes. Bone mineral density was calculated and compared with measurements derived from micro CT. Repeated scans and dual measurements were performed in order to measure between- and within-scan precision. Mean density difference between micro CT and single energy computed tomography was 72 mg HA/cm 3. For dual energy CT, the mean difference at 100 keV was 128 mg HA/cm 3 while the mean difference at 110–140 keV ranged from −84 to −67 mg HA/cm 3 compared with micro CT. Rescanning the samples resulted in a non-significant overall between-scan difference of 13 mg HA/cm 3. Bland–Altman limits of agreement were wide and intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.29 to 0.72, while 95% confidence intervals covered almost the full possible range. Repeating the density measurements for within-scan precision resulted in ICCs >0.99 and narrow limits of agreement. Single and dual energy quantitative CT showed excellent within-scan precision, but poor between-scan precision. No significant density differences were found in dual energy quantitative CT at keV-levels above 110 keV.

AB - The objective of this study was to test the precision and agreement between bone mineral density measurements performed in micro CT, single and dual energy computed tomography, to determine how the keV level influences density measurements and to assess the usefulness of quantitative dual energy computed tomography as a research tool for longitudinal studies aiming to measure bone loss adjacent to total hip replacements. Samples from 10 fresh-frozen porcine femoral heads were placed in a Perspex phantom and computed tomography was performed with two acquisition modes. Bone mineral density was calculated and compared with measurements derived from micro CT. Repeated scans and dual measurements were performed in order to measure between- and within-scan precision. Mean density difference between micro CT and single energy computed tomography was 72 mg HA/cm 3. For dual energy CT, the mean difference at 100 keV was 128 mg HA/cm 3 while the mean difference at 110–140 keV ranged from −84 to −67 mg HA/cm 3 compared with micro CT. Rescanning the samples resulted in a non-significant overall between-scan difference of 13 mg HA/cm 3. Bland–Altman limits of agreement were wide and intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.29 to 0.72, while 95% confidence intervals covered almost the full possible range. Repeating the density measurements for within-scan precision resulted in ICCs >0.99 and narrow limits of agreement. Single and dual energy quantitative CT showed excellent within-scan precision, but poor between-scan precision. No significant density differences were found in dual energy quantitative CT at keV-levels above 110 keV.

KW - bone loss

KW - Bone mineral density

KW - Hip arthroplasty

KW - micro CT

KW - quantitative CT

KW - computed tomography

KW - bone loss

KW - bone mineral density

KW - hip

KW - micro CT

KW - quantitative CT

KW - X-Ray Microtomography/methods

KW - Animals

KW - Bone Density

KW - Swine

KW - Hip Prosthesis

KW - Femur Head/diagnostic imaging

U2 - 10.1002/jor.23417

DO - 10.1002/jor.23417

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27600874

VL - 35

SP - 1470

EP - 1477

JO - Journal of Orthopaedic Research

JF - Journal of Orthopaedic Research

SN - 0736-0266

IS - 7

ER -