Age-related trends in unintentional injuries among children and adolescents in an urban Danish population 1980–2021. A cohort study of 292,737 children and adolescents

Frederik Haller, Jens Martin Lauritsen, Christian Faergemann*

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Objective: This study describes the age-related trends in unintentional injuries in children and adolescents in an urban population 1980–2021. A retrospective study of all children and adolescents aged 0–17 years treated for unintentional injuries at Odense University Hospital, Denmark 1980–2021. Methods: Information about age, gender, place of injury, and diagnoses from the emergency department register. We estimated gender specific annual incidence rates (IRs) in different age groups (0–4, 5–9, 10–14, and 15–17 years) per 1000 population/years. The severity was classified by mild or severe injuries. Results: Overall, 292,737 unintentionally injured children and adolescents were included. The median age was 10 years and 57.4 % were boys. The overall IR was 241 (CI: 240–242) for boys and 188 (CI: 187–188) for girls per 1000 population/years. In the study period, the overall incidence decreased by 44 % in boys and by 38 % in girls. The overall IR for severe injuries did not change in the study period, whereas the IR of mild injuries decreased significantly in all age groups in both gender. The upper limbs were the most frequently injured in all age groups for both gender, except for children aged 0–4 years, where lesions mostly occurred in the head or neck. In the youngest age groups 0–4 years and 5–9 years wounds were the most common type of lesion, while bruises were the most common type of lesion in the oldest age groups. Fractures accounted for 14.5 % of the lesions with the highest proportions in the 5–9 years and 10–14 years age group. Conclusion: The study provides information, which is useful when coordinating the resources at emergency departments and for planning preventive campaigns targeting different age groups.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer111400
TidsskriftInjury
Vol/bind55
Udgave nummer3
Antal sider8
ISSN0020-1383
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2024

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