Advanced exergy analysis of ultra-low GWP reversible heat pumps for residential applications †

Volodymyr Voloshchuk, Paride Gullo*, Eugene Nikiforovich


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Exergy-based methods provide engineers with the best information with respect to options for improving the overall thermodynamic efficiency of an energy conversion system. This paper presents the results of an advanced exergy analysis of an air-to-water reversible heat pump whose performance was analyzed with respect to different working fluids. Environmentally deleterious refrigerants, i.e., R410A and R134a (baselines), and their eco-friendly replacements (R290, R152a, R1234ze(E), and R1234yf) were selected. The evaluations were conducted under the same operating conditions (i.e., with the same cooling and heating demands and outdoor temperatures). Based on conventional exergy analysis, it was determined that different priorities should be given for the thermodynamic improvement of the components according to which heating and cooling modes of the system are in use. Therefore, integrated parameters, i.e., the annual values of exergy destruction, were applied for further analysis. The results obtained showed that the heat pump using R410A provided the largest degree of annual exergy destruction estimated on the basis of conventional exergy analysis (5913 kWh), whereas the heat pump using R290 offered the lowest one (4522 kWh). The annual exergy destruction of the R410A cycle with only unavoidable irreversibilities could be decreased by 50%. In this case, compared to R410A and R134a, R152a and R290 provided lower values of the total annual unavoidable aspects of exergy destruction. Considering technological limitations, when removing all the avoidable irreversibilities within the air exchanger, the largest decrease in the total exergy destruction within the system could be reached. The results obtained from the analysis of the removable irreversibilities showed that the mutual interactions between the compressor, evaporator, and condenser were weak. Finally, it was concluded that, from a thermodynamic point of view, the adoption of R152a and R290 in reversible air-to-water heat pumps as replacements for R410A and R134a is advisable.

Udgave nummer2
Antal sider17
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, grant number 0122U001750.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


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