The recently discovered peptide adrenomedullin (AM) alters blood pressure through effects on the resistance vessels. Moreover, AM modifies the secretion of corticotropin and aldosterone and could thereby indirectly influence blood pressure through the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Although plasma AM and renin concentration have been found to directly correlate, a causal linkage between AM and renin has not been shown. The present study tested the influence of AM on renin secretion and renin gene expression by renal juxtaglomerular granular cells. Prominent expression and release of AM by vascular structures has been reported; therefore, we investigated the local expression of AM in juxtaglomerular structures. Renin release from isolated perfused rat kidneys was dose-dependently increased by AM (1 to 30 nmol/L), whereas renal perfusate flow rate increased up to 17% at a constant perfusion pressure of 100 mm Hg. In primary cultures of mouse granular cells, AM augmented renin release, renin mRNA accumulation, and cAMP production in a dose- and time-dependent manner (threshold values in the range 10 pmol/L to 1 nmol/L). By reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, significant expression of the AM gene was detected in microdissected rat glomeruli with afferent arterioles and in primary cultures of mesangial and granular cells. We conclude that AM is expressed in juxtaglomerular structures and that it has a direct stimulatory effect on renin secretion and renin mRNA abundance by receptors on juxtaglomerular cells, possibly through increases in cAMP. AM could act as an autocrine/paracrine stimulatory factor in the control of renin secretion and renin gene expression.
|Status||Udgivet - 1. maj 1997|