Adolescent loneliness across the world and its relation to school climate, national culture and academic performance

Rebecca Jefferson, Manuela Barreto, Frederick Jones, Jasmine Conway, Aishwarya Chohan, Katrine Rich Madsen, Lily Verity, Kimberly J. Petersen, Pamela Qualter*

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Abstract

Background: Loneliness during adolescence has adverse consequences for mental health, education and employment outcomes. Yet, we know little about common correlates of loneliness among adolescents, making intervention work difficult. 

Aims: In this study, we (1) explore individual-, school- and country-level correlates of loneliness to help identify potential intervention targets, and (2) examine the influence of loneliness on academic performance. 

Sample: A total of 518,210 students aged 15 years from 75 countries provided self-reported loneliness data. 

Results: Using multilevel modelling, we found individual-, school- and country-level correlates of self-reported school-based loneliness, and showed that loneliness negatively influenced academic performance. 

Conclusions: Based on the findings, interventions that focus on enhancing social and emotional skills, increasing trust between teachers and students and changing school climate to be more inclusive are likely to be the most effective for adolescents; they should also be culturally sensitive.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBritish Journal of Educational Psychology
Vol/bind93
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)997-1016
ISSN0007-0998
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023

Bibliografisk note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. British Journal of Educational Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Psychological Society.

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