Acute and subacute effects of strenuous exercise on platelet aggregation, coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients with stable coronary artery disease

Jacobina Kristiansen, Erik L. Grove*, Tórur Sjúrðarson, Magni Mohr, Steen D. Kristensen, Anne Mette Hvas

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction: Strenuous exercise may occasionally cause coronary thrombosis with myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death. Materials and methods: Patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) (n = 164) and healthy individuals (n = 25) performed strenuous exercise on a bicycle ergometer. Blood was drawn at baseline, immediately after exercise and 2 h later. Platelet aggregation was measured with Multiplate® Analyzer. Thrombin generation was determined using a thrombogram and by measuring prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 (F1 + 2). A clot lysis assay was used to investigate fibrinolysis. Results: From baseline to immediately after exercise, thrombin receptor activating peptide (TRAP)-induced platelet aggregation increased in CAD patients (Δ77 AU × min, 95 % confidence interval (CI): 46;107) and in healthy individuals (Δ153 AU × min, 95%CI: 75;232). Endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) was unaffected by exercise, whilst F1 + 2 increased (Δ17%, 95%CI: 11;24) in CAD patients. Fibrin clot lysis time increased by 9 % (95%CI: 1–17) in CAD patients and by 26 % (95%CI: 8;45) in healthy individuals. When comparing baseline to 2 h post-exercise, TRAP-induced platelet aggregation remained slightly elevated in both CAD patients (Δ53 AU × min, 95%CI: 22;84) and healthy individuals (Δ140 AU × min, 95%CI: 62;219). In contrast, ETP and F1 + 2 decreased in CAD patients (Δ-6 %, 95%CI: −10;-1 and Δ-8 %, 95%CI: -14;-2). Moreover, clot lysis time decreased (Δ-19 %, 95%CI: −27;-11) in patients with CAD and returned to baseline in healthy individuals. All p-values were <0.05. Conclusions: Platelet aggregation and F1 + 2 were substantially elevated immediately after exercise in CAD patients, indicating a pro-thrombotic state. After 2 h of recovery, they exhibited a markedly increase in fibrinolysis. Similar results were observed in healthy individuals.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThrombosis Research
Vol/bind236
Sider (fra-til)220-227
ISSN0049-3848
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2024

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Acute and subacute effects of strenuous exercise on platelet aggregation, coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients with stable coronary artery disease'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater