Active commuting to school in Portuguese adolescents

Using PALMS to detect trips

Andreia Nogueira Pizarro, Jasper Schipperijn, Henriette Bondo Andersen, José Carlos Ribeiro, Jorge Mota, Maria Paula Santos

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Abstract The declining levels of physical activity (PA) have led to active commuting to school (ACS) being seen as a key strategy to increase PA levels in school-aged children. In Portugal, no data exists on the patterns of this behavior, an essential step for developing evidence-based and effective interventions. The purpose of this study is to explore the travel to school behavior using an objective methodology. Methods 155 adolescents (mean age 15.9±1.1 years) wore an accelerometer and a GPS for 7 consecutive days. Home and school addresses were geocoded to identify home-school trips. The web-based tool PALMS was used to combine GPS and accelerometer data, categorize Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA) and classify trip mode of home-school trips into: walking, bicycling or vehicle. Results 609 trips were identified as home-school trips. Walking was the most frequent trip mode (68.8%) whereas bicycling was less common (14.4%). Median home–school walking trip length was 0.9 km and 96.7% of the trips were under 2.0 km. Near 80% of the total walking trip time(to or from school) was in MVPA and contributed on average with 12(±5.6) min to daily recommendations. Differences were found whether the trip started at home or at school, walking school-home trips took longer and had more minutes in MVPA than home-school trips. Regression analyses showed increasing distance to be associated with lower odds of ACS in boys (OR: 0.32; 95% CI: 0.16-0.63) and girls (OR: 0.10; 95% CI: 0.04-0.25). Conclusion Walking to school and back home can contribute with up to 40% of recommended daily MVPA, so increasing this behavior may be of particular relevance to increase PA levels. On the other hand, cycling is underused in home-school trips and strategies to promote the use of bicycle could also be of interest, especially in trips longer than 2.0 km.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Transport & Health
Vol/bind3
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)297–304
ISSN2214-1405
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2016

Emneord

  • Active travel
  • GPS
  • Means of transport
  • Distance
  • Adolescents
  • Physical activity

Citer dette

Pizarro, Andreia Nogueira ; Schipperijn, Jasper ; Andersen, Henriette Bondo ; Ribeiro, José Carlos ; Mota, Jorge ; Santos, Maria Paula. / Active commuting to school in Portuguese adolescents : Using PALMS to detect trips. I: Journal of Transport & Health. 2016 ; Bind 3, Nr. 3. s. 297–304.
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title = "Active commuting to school in Portuguese adolescents: Using PALMS to detect trips",
abstract = "Abstract The declining levels of physical activity (PA) have led to active commuting to school (ACS) being seen as a key strategy to increase PA levels in school-aged children. In Portugal, no data exists on the patterns of this behavior, an essential step for developing evidence-based and effective interventions. The purpose of this study is to explore the travel to school behavior using an objective methodology. Methods 155 adolescents (mean age 15.9±1.1 years) wore an accelerometer and a GPS for 7 consecutive days. Home and school addresses were geocoded to identify home-school trips. The web-based tool PALMS was used to combine GPS and accelerometer data, categorize Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA) and classify trip mode of home-school trips into: walking, bicycling or vehicle. Results 609 trips were identified as home-school trips. Walking was the most frequent trip mode (68.8{\%}) whereas bicycling was less common (14.4{\%}). Median home–school walking trip length was 0.9 km and 96.7{\%} of the trips were under 2.0 km. Near 80{\%} of the total walking trip time(to or from school) was in MVPA and contributed on average with 12(±5.6) min to daily recommendations. Differences were found whether the trip started at home or at school, walking school-home trips took longer and had more minutes in MVPA than home-school trips. Regression analyses showed increasing distance to be associated with lower odds of ACS in boys (OR: 0.32; 95{\%} CI: 0.16-0.63) and girls (OR: 0.10; 95{\%} CI: 0.04-0.25). Conclusion Walking to school and back home can contribute with up to 40{\%} of recommended daily MVPA, so increasing this behavior may be of particular relevance to increase PA levels. On the other hand, cycling is underused in home-school trips and strategies to promote the use of bicycle could also be of interest, especially in trips longer than 2.0 km.",
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Active commuting to school in Portuguese adolescents : Using PALMS to detect trips. / Pizarro, Andreia Nogueira; Schipperijn, Jasper; Andersen, Henriette Bondo; Ribeiro, José Carlos; Mota, Jorge; Santos, Maria Paula.

I: Journal of Transport & Health, Bind 3, Nr. 3, 09.2016, s. 297–304.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Active commuting to school in Portuguese adolescents

T2 - Using PALMS to detect trips

AU - Pizarro, Andreia Nogueira

AU - Schipperijn, Jasper

AU - Andersen, Henriette Bondo

AU - Ribeiro, José Carlos

AU - Mota, Jorge

AU - Santos, Maria Paula

PY - 2016/9

Y1 - 2016/9

N2 - Abstract The declining levels of physical activity (PA) have led to active commuting to school (ACS) being seen as a key strategy to increase PA levels in school-aged children. In Portugal, no data exists on the patterns of this behavior, an essential step for developing evidence-based and effective interventions. The purpose of this study is to explore the travel to school behavior using an objective methodology. Methods 155 adolescents (mean age 15.9±1.1 years) wore an accelerometer and a GPS for 7 consecutive days. Home and school addresses were geocoded to identify home-school trips. The web-based tool PALMS was used to combine GPS and accelerometer data, categorize Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA) and classify trip mode of home-school trips into: walking, bicycling or vehicle. Results 609 trips were identified as home-school trips. Walking was the most frequent trip mode (68.8%) whereas bicycling was less common (14.4%). Median home–school walking trip length was 0.9 km and 96.7% of the trips were under 2.0 km. Near 80% of the total walking trip time(to or from school) was in MVPA and contributed on average with 12(±5.6) min to daily recommendations. Differences were found whether the trip started at home or at school, walking school-home trips took longer and had more minutes in MVPA than home-school trips. Regression analyses showed increasing distance to be associated with lower odds of ACS in boys (OR: 0.32; 95% CI: 0.16-0.63) and girls (OR: 0.10; 95% CI: 0.04-0.25). Conclusion Walking to school and back home can contribute with up to 40% of recommended daily MVPA, so increasing this behavior may be of particular relevance to increase PA levels. On the other hand, cycling is underused in home-school trips and strategies to promote the use of bicycle could also be of interest, especially in trips longer than 2.0 km.

AB - Abstract The declining levels of physical activity (PA) have led to active commuting to school (ACS) being seen as a key strategy to increase PA levels in school-aged children. In Portugal, no data exists on the patterns of this behavior, an essential step for developing evidence-based and effective interventions. The purpose of this study is to explore the travel to school behavior using an objective methodology. Methods 155 adolescents (mean age 15.9±1.1 years) wore an accelerometer and a GPS for 7 consecutive days. Home and school addresses were geocoded to identify home-school trips. The web-based tool PALMS was used to combine GPS and accelerometer data, categorize Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity (MVPA) and classify trip mode of home-school trips into: walking, bicycling or vehicle. Results 609 trips were identified as home-school trips. Walking was the most frequent trip mode (68.8%) whereas bicycling was less common (14.4%). Median home–school walking trip length was 0.9 km and 96.7% of the trips were under 2.0 km. Near 80% of the total walking trip time(to or from school) was in MVPA and contributed on average with 12(±5.6) min to daily recommendations. Differences were found whether the trip started at home or at school, walking school-home trips took longer and had more minutes in MVPA than home-school trips. Regression analyses showed increasing distance to be associated with lower odds of ACS in boys (OR: 0.32; 95% CI: 0.16-0.63) and girls (OR: 0.10; 95% CI: 0.04-0.25). Conclusion Walking to school and back home can contribute with up to 40% of recommended daily MVPA, so increasing this behavior may be of particular relevance to increase PA levels. On the other hand, cycling is underused in home-school trips and strategies to promote the use of bicycle could also be of interest, especially in trips longer than 2.0 km.

KW - Active travel

KW - GPS

KW - Means of transport

KW - Distance

KW - Adolescents

KW - Physical activity

U2 - 10.1016/j.jth.2016.02.004

DO - 10.1016/j.jth.2016.02.004

M3 - Journal article

VL - 3

SP - 297

EP - 304

JO - Journal of Transport & Health

JF - Journal of Transport & Health

SN - 2214-1405

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ER -