Assessment of proteins in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue traditionally hinges on immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting. These methods are far from optimal for quantitative studies and not suitable for large-scale testing of multiple protein panels. In this study, we developed and optimised a novel targeted isotope dilution mass spectrometry (MS)-based method for FFPE samples, designed to quantitate 17 matrix and cytosolic proteins abundantly present in arterial tissue. Our new method was developed on FFPE human tissue samples of the internal thoracic artery obtained from coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operations. The workflow has a limit of 60 samples per day. Assay precision improved by normalisation to both beta-actin and smooth muscle actin with inter-assay coefficients of variation (CV) ranging from 5.3% to 31.9%. To demonstrate clinical utility of the assay we analysed 40 FFPE artery specimens from two groups of patients with or without type 2 diabetes. We observed increased levels of collagen type IV α1 and α2 in patients with diabetes. The assay is scalable for larger cohorts and advantageous for pathophysiological studies in diabetes and the method is easily convertible to analysis of other proteins in FFPE artery samples. Significance: This article presents a novel robust and precise targeted mass spectrometry assay for relative quantitation of a panel of abundant matrix and cellular arterial proteins in archived formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded arterial samples. We demonstrate its utility in pathophysiological studies of cardiovascular disease in diabetes.
Bibliografisk noteFunding Information:
This study was funded by University of Southern Denmark PhD Fund , Steno Diabetes Center Odense , Skibsreder Per Henriksen R and Wife Foundation and Odense University Hospital PhD Fund .