A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study on the efficacy of Omalizumab on food allergy threshold in children with severe food allergy

Charlotte G. Mortz*, Louise Parke, Helene M. Rasmussen, Henrik Fomsgaard Kjaer, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Background: Food allergy is common in childhood with some children having a low threshold and being difficult to protect from accidental ingestion of the offending food. Therapies for this potentially life-threatening condition are highly needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Omalizumab in food-allergic children. Methods: This is a single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Food allergic children with a cumulative threshold ≤443 mg food protein at DBPCFC were randomized to Omalizumab (asthma dose) or placebo (3:1). After 3 months, a second DBPCFC was performed (steps 3, 10, 30, 100, 300, 1000, and 3000 mg food protein), followed by a separate open challenge up to 10,000 and 30,000 mg food protein if negative. Responders were defined as ≥2-step increases in threshold. Non-responders received high-dose Omalizumab. A third DBPCFC was performed after 6 months. Skin testing, blood samples, and the severity of atopic co-morbidity were registered during the study and 3 months after treatment. Results: In total, 20 children were evaluated at 3 months (14 Omalizumab, 6 placebo). All treated with Omalizumab increased their threshold at least two steps and with a significant difference between the Omalizumab and the placebo group (p =.003), although the intended number of included children was not reached. The threshold before Omalizumab treatment was 13–443 mg food protein while the threshold after 3 months of treatment increased up to 44,000 mg (1143–44,000). In the placebo group, two children improved threshold during the study. Conclusion: An increase in the threshold level during Omalizumab treatment significantly improve patient safety and protected all children against small amount of allergen.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Vol/bind79
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)964-976
ISSN0105-4538
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2024

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