A population-based, incidence cohort study of mid-back pain after traffic collisions

Factors associated with global recovery

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Resumé

BACKGROUND: Traffic collisions often result in a wide range of symptoms included in the umbrella term whiplash-associated disorders. Mid-back pain (MBP) is one of these symptoms. The incidence and prognosis of different traffic injuries and their related conditions (e.g. neck pain, low back pain, depression or others) has been investigated previously; however, knowledge about traffic collision-related MBP is lacking. The study objectives were to describe the incidence, course of recovery and prognosis of MBP after traffic collisions, in terms of global self-reported recovery.

METHODS: Longitudinal data from a population-based inception cohort of all traffic injuries occurring in Saskatchewan, Canada, during a 2-year period were used. Annual overall and age-sex-specific incidence rates were calculated, the course of recovery was described using the Kaplan-Meier technique, and associations between participant characteristics and time-to-self-reported recovery were explored in 3496 MBP cases using Cox proportional hazards models.

RESULTS: The yearly incidence rate was 236 per 100,000 population during the study period, and was highest in women and in young persons. The median time-to-first reported recovery was 101 days (95% CI: 99-104) and about 23% were still not recovered after 1 year. Participant's expectation for recovery, general health, extent of severely affecting comorbidities and having experienced a previous traffic injury were some of the prognostic factors identified.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that MBP is common after traffic collisions, may result in a long recovery process and that a range of biopsychosocial factors are associated with recovery.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Pain
Vol/bind19
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1486–1495
ISSN1090-3801
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2015

Fingeraftryk

Cohort Studies
Population
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries
Saskatchewan
Neck Pain
Low Back Pain
Proportional Hazards Models
Comorbidity
Health

Citer dette

@article{a6ac01c088894e3392fa487c711b877c,
title = "A population-based, incidence cohort study of mid-back pain after traffic collisions: Factors associated with global recovery",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Traffic collisions often result in a wide range of symptoms included in the umbrella term whiplash-associated disorders. Mid-back pain (MBP) is one of these symptoms. The incidence and prognosis of different traffic injuries and their related conditions (e.g. neck pain, low back pain, depression or others) has been investigated previously; however, knowledge about traffic collision-related MBP is lacking. The study objectives were to describe the incidence, course of recovery and prognosis of MBP after traffic collisions, in terms of global self-reported recovery.METHODS: Longitudinal data from a population-based inception cohort of all traffic injuries occurring in Saskatchewan, Canada, during a 2-year period were used. Annual overall and age-sex-specific incidence rates were calculated, the course of recovery was described using the Kaplan-Meier technique, and associations between participant characteristics and time-to-self-reported recovery were explored in 3496 MBP cases using Cox proportional hazards models.RESULTS: The yearly incidence rate was 236 per 100,000 population during the study period, and was highest in women and in young persons. The median time-to-first reported recovery was 101 days (95{\%} CI: 99-104) and about 23{\%} were still not recovered after 1 year. Participant's expectation for recovery, general health, extent of severely affecting comorbidities and having experienced a previous traffic injury were some of the prognostic factors identified.CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that MBP is common after traffic collisions, may result in a long recovery process and that a range of biopsychosocial factors are associated with recovery.",
author = "Johansson, {M S} and E Boyle and Jan Hartvigsen and Stochkendahl, {Mette Jensen} and L Carroll and Cassidy, {J D}",
note = "{\circledC} 2015 The Authors. European Journal of Pain published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Pain Federation - EFIC{\circledR}",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1002/ejp.681",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "1486–1495",
journal = "European Journal of Pain",
issn = "1090-3801",
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A population-based, incidence cohort study of mid-back pain after traffic collisions : Factors associated with global recovery. / Johansson, M S; Boyle, E; Hartvigsen, Jan; Stochkendahl, Mette Jensen; Carroll, L; Cassidy, J D.

I: European Journal of Pain, Bind 19, Nr. 10, 11.2015, s. 1486–1495.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A population-based, incidence cohort study of mid-back pain after traffic collisions

T2 - Factors associated with global recovery

AU - Johansson, M S

AU - Boyle, E

AU - Hartvigsen, Jan

AU - Stochkendahl, Mette Jensen

AU - Carroll, L

AU - Cassidy, J D

N1 - © 2015 The Authors. European Journal of Pain published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Pain Federation - EFIC®

PY - 2015/11

Y1 - 2015/11

N2 - BACKGROUND: Traffic collisions often result in a wide range of symptoms included in the umbrella term whiplash-associated disorders. Mid-back pain (MBP) is one of these symptoms. The incidence and prognosis of different traffic injuries and their related conditions (e.g. neck pain, low back pain, depression or others) has been investigated previously; however, knowledge about traffic collision-related MBP is lacking. The study objectives were to describe the incidence, course of recovery and prognosis of MBP after traffic collisions, in terms of global self-reported recovery.METHODS: Longitudinal data from a population-based inception cohort of all traffic injuries occurring in Saskatchewan, Canada, during a 2-year period were used. Annual overall and age-sex-specific incidence rates were calculated, the course of recovery was described using the Kaplan-Meier technique, and associations between participant characteristics and time-to-self-reported recovery were explored in 3496 MBP cases using Cox proportional hazards models.RESULTS: The yearly incidence rate was 236 per 100,000 population during the study period, and was highest in women and in young persons. The median time-to-first reported recovery was 101 days (95% CI: 99-104) and about 23% were still not recovered after 1 year. Participant's expectation for recovery, general health, extent of severely affecting comorbidities and having experienced a previous traffic injury were some of the prognostic factors identified.CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that MBP is common after traffic collisions, may result in a long recovery process and that a range of biopsychosocial factors are associated with recovery.

AB - BACKGROUND: Traffic collisions often result in a wide range of symptoms included in the umbrella term whiplash-associated disorders. Mid-back pain (MBP) is one of these symptoms. The incidence and prognosis of different traffic injuries and their related conditions (e.g. neck pain, low back pain, depression or others) has been investigated previously; however, knowledge about traffic collision-related MBP is lacking. The study objectives were to describe the incidence, course of recovery and prognosis of MBP after traffic collisions, in terms of global self-reported recovery.METHODS: Longitudinal data from a population-based inception cohort of all traffic injuries occurring in Saskatchewan, Canada, during a 2-year period were used. Annual overall and age-sex-specific incidence rates were calculated, the course of recovery was described using the Kaplan-Meier technique, and associations between participant characteristics and time-to-self-reported recovery were explored in 3496 MBP cases using Cox proportional hazards models.RESULTS: The yearly incidence rate was 236 per 100,000 population during the study period, and was highest in women and in young persons. The median time-to-first reported recovery was 101 days (95% CI: 99-104) and about 23% were still not recovered after 1 year. Participant's expectation for recovery, general health, extent of severely affecting comorbidities and having experienced a previous traffic injury were some of the prognostic factors identified.CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that MBP is common after traffic collisions, may result in a long recovery process and that a range of biopsychosocial factors are associated with recovery.

U2 - 10.1002/ejp.681

DO - 10.1002/ejp.681

M3 - Journal article

VL - 19

SP - 1486

EP - 1495

JO - European Journal of Pain

JF - European Journal of Pain

SN - 1090-3801

IS - 10

ER -