Cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 2C19 is responsible for the metabolism of a number of therapeutic agents such as S-mephenytoin, omeprazole, proguanil, certain barbiturates, diazepam, propranolol, citalopram and imipramine. Genetic polymorphisms in this enzyme are responsible for the poor metabolizers (PM) of mephenytoin, which represent ~13-23% of Asians and 3- 5% of Caucasians. Several polymorphisms contribute to this phenotype. We have isolated two new allelic variants that contribute to the PM phenotype in Caucasians. CYP2C19*F contained a single T →A nucleotide transversion in the invariant GT at the 5' donor splice site of intron 5. The second PM allele, CYP2C19*8, consisted of a T358C nucleotide transition in exon 3 that results in a Trp120Arg substitution. In a bacterial expression system, CYP2C198 protein exhibited a dramatic (~90% and 70%) reduction in the metabolism of S-mephenytoin and tolbutamide, respectively, when compared with the wild-type CYP2C191B protein. Restriction fragment length polymerase chain reaction tests were developed to identify the new allelic variants.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Status||Udgivet - 1. aug. 1999|