A multicomponent psychosocial intervention among people with early-stage dementia involving physical exercise, cognitive stimulation therapy, psychoeducation and counselling: Results from a mixed-methods study

Sofie S. Skov*, Maj Britt D. Nielsen, Rikke F. Krølner, Laila Øksnebjerg, Sigurd M. Rønbøl Lauridsen

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Background: There is increasing awareness of the benefits of both physical and psychosocial interventions to empower and benefit people with dementia and their caregivers. However, the potential additional benefits of combining physical and psychosocial interventions have only been sparsely explored. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the acceptability and potential impact of a multicomponent intervention comprising physical exercise, cognitive stimulation therapy (CST), psychoeducation and counselling for people with early-stage dementia. Design: A 15-week multicomponent group-based intervention was offered to people with early-stage dementia in Denmark (N = 44). A mixed-methods design combining interviews, observations, tests of cognitive and physical functioning and an interviewer-assisted questionnaire on quality of life was applied to (1) investigate acceptability of the intervention, including whether people with dementia and their caregivers found the intervention meaningful and (2) to explore and assess changes in participants’ physical and cognitive functioning and quality of life. The study was conducted between June 2018 and August 2019. Results: The pilot study demonstrated that the multicomponent intervention was acceptable for people with early-stage dementia and their caregivers. Test results did not show significant changes in measures of participants’ physical and cognitive functioning or quality of life. However, qualitative data revealed that participants perceived the intervention as meaningful and found that it had a positive influence on their physical and social well-being. In addition, interaction and support from peers and staff members was considered important and rewarding. Conclusion: This multicomponent intervention constitutes a meaningful and beneficial activity for people with early-stage dementia and their caregivers. It provides an opportunity to engage in social interactions with peers and experience professional support. The study also underlines the importance of providing prolonged and sustainable interventions for people with dementia to maintain personal and social benefits.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDementia
ISSN1471-3012
DOI
StatusAccepteret/In press - 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclose receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This study was funded by the Municipality of Copenhagen.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.

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