A grounded perspective on new early dark energy using ACT, SPT, and BICEP/Keck

Juan S. Cruz, Florian Niedermann, Martin S. Sloth

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Abstract

We examine further the ability of the New Early Dark Energy model (NEDE) to resolve the current tension between the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and local measurements of H 0 and the consequences for inflation. We perform new Bayesian analyses, including the current datasets from the ground-based CMB telescopes Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT), the South Pole Telescope (SPT), and the BICEP/Keck telescopes, employing an updated likelihood for the local measurements coming from the SH 0ES collaboration. Using the SH 0ES prior on H 0, the combined analysis with Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAO), Pantheon, Planck and ACT improves the best-fit by Δχ 2 = -15.9 with respect to ΛCDM, favors a non-zero fractional contribution of NEDE, f NEDE > 0, by 4.8σ, and gives a best-fit value for the Hubble constant of H 0 = 72.09 km/s/Mpc (mean 71.49 ± 0.82 with 68% C.L.). A similar analysis using SPT instead of ACT yields consistent results with a Δχ 2 = -23.1 over ΛCDM, a preference for non-zero f NEDE of 4.7σ and a best-fit value of H 0 = 71.77 km/s/Mpc (mean 71.43 ± 0.85 with 68% C.L.). We also provide the constraints on the inflation parameters r and n s coming from NEDE, including the BICEP/Keck 2018 data, and show that the allowed upper value on the tensor-scalar ratio is consistent with the ΛCDM bound, but, as also originally found, with a more blue scalar spectrum implying that the simplest curvaton model is now favored over the Starobinsky inflation model.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer041
TidsskriftJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Vol/bind2023
Udgave nummer2
Antal sider38
ISSN1475-7516
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 22. feb. 2023

Bibliografisk note

32 pages, 10 figures, 14 tables

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