A double-blind randomized pilot trial comparing computerized cognitive exercises to Tetris in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Aida Bikic, Torben Østergaard Christensen, James F Leckman, Niels Bilenberg, Søren Dalsgaard

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this trial was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of computerized cognitive exercises from Scientific Brain Training (SBT), compared to the computer game Tetris as an active placebo, in a pilot study of adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

METHOD: Eighteen adolescents with ADHD were randomized to treatment or control intervention for 7 weeks. Outcome measures were cognitive test, symptom, and motivation questionnaires.

RESULTS: SBT and Tetris were feasible as home-based interventions, and participants' compliance was high, but participants perceived both interventions as not very interesting or helpful. There were no significant group differences on cognitive and ADHD-symptom measures after intervention. Pre-post intra-group measurement showed that the SBT had a significant beneficial effect on sustained attention, while the active placebo had significant beneficial effects on working memory, both with large effect sizes.

CONCLUSION: Although no significant differences were found between groups on any measure, there were significant intra-group changes for each group.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNordic Journal of Psychiatry
Vol/bind71
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)455-464
ISSN0803-9488
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

Fingeraftryk

Exercise
Placebos
Video Games
Short-Term Memory
Compliance
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Surveys and Questionnaires

Citer dette

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A double-blind randomized pilot trial comparing computerized cognitive exercises to Tetris in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. / Bikic, Aida; Christensen, Torben Østergaard; Leckman, James F; Bilenberg, Niels; Dalsgaard, Søren.

I: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, Bind 71, Nr. 6, 2017, s. 455-464.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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T1 - A double-blind randomized pilot trial comparing computerized cognitive exercises to Tetris in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

AU - Bikic, Aida

AU - Christensen, Torben Østergaard

AU - Leckman, James F

AU - Bilenberg, Niels

AU - Dalsgaard, Søren

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AB - BACKGROUND: The purpose of this trial was to examine the feasibility and efficacy of computerized cognitive exercises from Scientific Brain Training (SBT), compared to the computer game Tetris as an active placebo, in a pilot study of adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).METHOD: Eighteen adolescents with ADHD were randomized to treatment or control intervention for 7 weeks. Outcome measures were cognitive test, symptom, and motivation questionnaires.RESULTS: SBT and Tetris were feasible as home-based interventions, and participants' compliance was high, but participants perceived both interventions as not very interesting or helpful. There were no significant group differences on cognitive and ADHD-symptom measures after intervention. Pre-post intra-group measurement showed that the SBT had a significant beneficial effect on sustained attention, while the active placebo had significant beneficial effects on working memory, both with large effect sizes.CONCLUSION: Although no significant differences were found between groups on any measure, there were significant intra-group changes for each group.

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