A cross-cultural comparison of dual career environments for elite athletes in Switzerland, Denmark, and Poland

Andreas Küttel, Mette Krogh Christensen, Jolanta Zysko, Jørn Hansen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

The purpose of this qualitative study is (a) to explore and compare the beliefs and values of the stakeholders working in different national dual career environments, and (b) to enhance the understanding of the relationship between athletes’ dual career trajectories and the respective environments. Twelve semi-structured interviews with key informants involved in dual career from Switzerland, Denmark, and Poland were used to discussing benefits, obstacles and best practices of their national dual career settings. Interviews were content analysed in a deductive-inductive way using (Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational culture and leadership (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons) cultural framework. Besides the differences in support for elite athletes in higher education across the national contexts, the key informants expressed divergent values and attitudes, which were due to their opinions on how dual careers should be organised. These values were found to be linked to the ideologies of the welfare regimes in the given country. Since dual career practices and programmes are based on different underlying basic assumptions in the three contexts studied, divergent dual career trajectories are proposed to athletes as the typical way to combine elite sport and education. Based on the results of our cross-cultural comparison, we assert that culture is not only an influential but also a constituting factor in the development of dual career environments. Thus, we propose a culturally sensitive approach towards the dual career of athletes and invite professionals (e.g. coaches, career advisors, and educational programme leaders) to critically reflect on their contextualised values about how to support dual career athletes.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Antal sider18
ISSN1612-197X
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 4. dec. 2018

Fingeraftryk

Cross-Cultural Comparison
Poland
Denmark
Athletes
Interviews
Organizational Culture
Education
San Francisco
Nuclear Family
Practice Guidelines

Citer dette

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abstract = "The purpose of this qualitative study is (a) to explore and compare the beliefs and values of the stakeholders working in different national dual career environments, and (b) to enhance the understanding of the relationship between athletes’ dual career trajectories and the respective environments. Twelve semi-structured interviews with key informants involved in dual career from Switzerland, Denmark, and Poland were used to discussing benefits, obstacles and best practices of their national dual career settings. Interviews were content analysed in a deductive-inductive way using (Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational culture and leadership (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons) cultural framework. Besides the differences in support for elite athletes in higher education across the national contexts, the key informants expressed divergent values and attitudes, which were due to their opinions on how dual careers should be organised. These values were found to be linked to the ideologies of the welfare regimes in the given country. Since dual career practices and programmes are based on different underlying basic assumptions in the three contexts studied, divergent dual career trajectories are proposed to athletes as the typical way to combine elite sport and education. Based on the results of our cross-cultural comparison, we assert that culture is not only an influential but also a constituting factor in the development of dual career environments. Thus, we propose a culturally sensitive approach towards the dual career of athletes and invite professionals (e.g. coaches, career advisors, and educational programme leaders) to critically reflect on their contextualised values about how to support dual career athletes.",
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A cross-cultural comparison of dual career environments for elite athletes in Switzerland, Denmark, and Poland. / Küttel, Andreas; Christensen, Mette Krogh; Zysko, Jolanta; Hansen, Jørn.

I: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 04.12.2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Küttel, Andreas

AU - Christensen, Mette Krogh

AU - Zysko, Jolanta

AU - Hansen, Jørn

N1 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in the International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology on 04/12/2018, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2018.1553889.

PY - 2018/12/4

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N2 - The purpose of this qualitative study is (a) to explore and compare the beliefs and values of the stakeholders working in different national dual career environments, and (b) to enhance the understanding of the relationship between athletes’ dual career trajectories and the respective environments. Twelve semi-structured interviews with key informants involved in dual career from Switzerland, Denmark, and Poland were used to discussing benefits, obstacles and best practices of their national dual career settings. Interviews were content analysed in a deductive-inductive way using (Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational culture and leadership (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons) cultural framework. Besides the differences in support for elite athletes in higher education across the national contexts, the key informants expressed divergent values and attitudes, which were due to their opinions on how dual careers should be organised. These values were found to be linked to the ideologies of the welfare regimes in the given country. Since dual career practices and programmes are based on different underlying basic assumptions in the three contexts studied, divergent dual career trajectories are proposed to athletes as the typical way to combine elite sport and education. Based on the results of our cross-cultural comparison, we assert that culture is not only an influential but also a constituting factor in the development of dual career environments. Thus, we propose a culturally sensitive approach towards the dual career of athletes and invite professionals (e.g. coaches, career advisors, and educational programme leaders) to critically reflect on their contextualised values about how to support dual career athletes.

AB - The purpose of this qualitative study is (a) to explore and compare the beliefs and values of the stakeholders working in different national dual career environments, and (b) to enhance the understanding of the relationship between athletes’ dual career trajectories and the respective environments. Twelve semi-structured interviews with key informants involved in dual career from Switzerland, Denmark, and Poland were used to discussing benefits, obstacles and best practices of their national dual career settings. Interviews were content analysed in a deductive-inductive way using (Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational culture and leadership (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons) cultural framework. Besides the differences in support for elite athletes in higher education across the national contexts, the key informants expressed divergent values and attitudes, which were due to their opinions on how dual careers should be organised. These values were found to be linked to the ideologies of the welfare regimes in the given country. Since dual career practices and programmes are based on different underlying basic assumptions in the three contexts studied, divergent dual career trajectories are proposed to athletes as the typical way to combine elite sport and education. Based on the results of our cross-cultural comparison, we assert that culture is not only an influential but also a constituting factor in the development of dual career environments. Thus, we propose a culturally sensitive approach towards the dual career of athletes and invite professionals (e.g. coaches, career advisors, and educational programme leaders) to critically reflect on their contextualised values about how to support dual career athletes.

KW - elite sports

KW - dual career

KW - sports system

KW - cross-cultural

KW - cross-cultural comparison

KW - athletes’ career trajectories

U2 - 10.1080/1612197X.2018.1553889

DO - 10.1080/1612197X.2018.1553889

M3 - Journal article

JO - International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

JF - International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

SN - 1612-197X

ER -