A Comparative Investigation of Cyclohexyl-End-Capped Versus Hexyl-End-Capped Small-Molecule Donors on Small Donor/Polymer Acceptor Junction Solar Cells

Daehee Han, Tanya Kumari, Sungwoo Jung, Yujin An, Changduk Yang*

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Replacing hexyl‐end‐side with cyclohexyl‐end‐side groups on dithieno[3,2‐b:2′,3′‐d]silole (DTSi) and dithieno[3,2‐b:2′,3′‐d]germole (DTGe)‐based cores yields two new small‐molecule donors: DTSi(FBTTh2Cy)2 and DTGe(FBTTh2Cy)2. Together with the hexyl‐end‐capped analogs DTSi(FBTTh2)2 and DTGe(FBTTh2)2, the physical properties, morphology, and organic solar cell (OSC) performances with respect to hexyl‐end‐side versus cyclohexyl‐end‐side groups are investigated. The authors observe that the cyclohexyl‐end‐capped molecules show blue‐shifted film absorptions and lower exothermic crystallization temperatures due to less packed backbones compared to the hexyl‐end‐capped molecules. When used as donor materials with poly((N,N′‐bis(2‐octyldodecyl)‐naphthalene‐1,4,5,8‐bis(dicarboximide)‐2,6‐diyl)‐alt‐5,5′‐(2,2′‐bithiophene)) polymer acceptor, the relatively improved open‐circuit voltage is achieved from OSCs based on the hexyl‐end‐capped molecules as a result of their deeper‐lying highest occupied molecular orbitals. Nevertheless, the induced higher short‐circuit current density and fill factor parameters lead to better power conversion efficiencies in the cyclohexyl‐end‐capped molecule‐based OSCs. This is attributed to the preferential face‐on orientation with a coarsened morphology, as evidenced by a series of blend film morphological studies. The experimental findings confirm that the cyclized‐end groups in small conjugated materials possess a high potential for improving OSCs.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer1800009
TidsskriftSolar RRL
Vol/bind2
Udgave nummer5
ISSN2367-198X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2018
Udgivet eksterntJa

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