A Case for a Certainty Norm of Assertion

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

According to the widely endorsed Knowledge Account of Assertion, the epistemic requirements on assertion are captured by the Knowledge Norm of Assertion, which requires speakers only to assert what they know. This paper proposes that in addition to the Knowledge Norm there is also an Epistemic Propositional Certainty Norm of Assertion, which enjoins speakers only to assert p if they believe that p on the basis of evidence which makes p an epistemic propositional certainty. The paper explains how this propositional certainty norm accounts for a range of data related to the practice of assertion and defends the norm against general objections to certainty norms of assertion put forward by Duncan Pritchard, John Turri, and Timothy Williamson, by drawing on linguistic theories about epistemic modals and gradable predicate semantics. Together these considerations show that the prospects of a certainty account of assertion are much more promising than is usually assumed.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSynthese
Vol/bind196
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)4691-4710
ISSN0039-7857
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2019

Fingeraftryk

semantics
linguistics
evidence
Certainty
Norms of Assertion

Citer dette

Petersen, Esben Nedenskov. / A Case for a Certainty Norm of Assertion. I: Synthese. 2019 ; Bind 196, Nr. 11. s. 4691-4710.
@article{bd01668535284a0f9a3cd93d731e6775,
title = "A Case for a Certainty Norm of Assertion",
abstract = "According to the widely endorsed Knowledge Account of Assertion, the epistemic requirements on assertion are captured by the Knowledge Norm of Assertion, which requires speakers only to assert what they know. This paper proposes that in addition to the Knowledge Norm there is also an Epistemic Propositional Certainty Norm of Assertion, which enjoins speakers only to assert p if they believe that p on the basis of evidence which makes p an epistemic propositional certainty. The paper explains how this propositional certainty norm accounts for a range of data related to the practice of assertion and defends the norm against general objections to certainty norms of assertion put forward by Duncan Pritchard, John Turri, and Timothy Williamson, by drawing on linguistic theories about epistemic modals and gradable predicate semantics. Together these considerations show that the prospects of a certainty account of assertion are much more promising than is usually assumed.",
keywords = "Certainty, Knowledge, Moorean paradoxes, Norms of assertion",
author = "Petersen, {Esben Nedenskov}",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1007/s11229-018-1682-2",
language = "English",
volume = "196",
pages = "4691--4710",
journal = "Synthese",
issn = "0039-7857",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "11",

}

A Case for a Certainty Norm of Assertion. / Petersen, Esben Nedenskov.

I: Synthese, Bind 196, Nr. 11, 11.2019, s. 4691-4710.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Case for a Certainty Norm of Assertion

AU - Petersen, Esben Nedenskov

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - According to the widely endorsed Knowledge Account of Assertion, the epistemic requirements on assertion are captured by the Knowledge Norm of Assertion, which requires speakers only to assert what they know. This paper proposes that in addition to the Knowledge Norm there is also an Epistemic Propositional Certainty Norm of Assertion, which enjoins speakers only to assert p if they believe that p on the basis of evidence which makes p an epistemic propositional certainty. The paper explains how this propositional certainty norm accounts for a range of data related to the practice of assertion and defends the norm against general objections to certainty norms of assertion put forward by Duncan Pritchard, John Turri, and Timothy Williamson, by drawing on linguistic theories about epistemic modals and gradable predicate semantics. Together these considerations show that the prospects of a certainty account of assertion are much more promising than is usually assumed.

AB - According to the widely endorsed Knowledge Account of Assertion, the epistemic requirements on assertion are captured by the Knowledge Norm of Assertion, which requires speakers only to assert what they know. This paper proposes that in addition to the Knowledge Norm there is also an Epistemic Propositional Certainty Norm of Assertion, which enjoins speakers only to assert p if they believe that p on the basis of evidence which makes p an epistemic propositional certainty. The paper explains how this propositional certainty norm accounts for a range of data related to the practice of assertion and defends the norm against general objections to certainty norms of assertion put forward by Duncan Pritchard, John Turri, and Timothy Williamson, by drawing on linguistic theories about epistemic modals and gradable predicate semantics. Together these considerations show that the prospects of a certainty account of assertion are much more promising than is usually assumed.

KW - Certainty

KW - Knowledge

KW - Moorean paradoxes

KW - Norms of assertion

U2 - 10.1007/s11229-018-1682-2

DO - 10.1007/s11229-018-1682-2

M3 - Journal article

VL - 196

SP - 4691

EP - 4710

JO - Synthese

JF - Synthese

SN - 0039-7857

IS - 11

ER -