• Campusvej 55

    5230 Odense M

    Danmark

1993 …2023
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Personlig profil

CV

Born: November 14, 1957
Nationality: American

Education: 1979, B.S. in Chemistry, Miami University; 1984, M.Phil., and 1988, Ph.D. in Geochemistry, Yale University, New Haven.

Professional Experience:
1982-1987: Assistant in Research, Yale University; 
Sept. 1987-May 1988: Visiting Assistant Professor, Univ. Michigan; 
Nov. 1988-July 1991: NRC Research Associate, NASA-Ames; 
May 1990-Sept. 1990, Visiting Scientist, Univ. Aarhus; 
August 1991-Dec. 1991: Visiting Lecturer, Univ. Aarhus; 
Jan. 1992-May 1995: Assistant Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology; 
Sept. 1993-Nov. 1996: BAT 1b scientist, Max Planck for Marine Microbiology, Bremen; 
Nov. 1996-present: Professor of Ecology, Univ. Southern Denmark; 
December 1997-2005: Co-director, Danish Center for Earth System Science (DCESS); 
Sept 2005-2016, Director, Nordic Center for Earth Evolution (NordCEE)

Special recognition 
NRC Postdoctoral fellowship (1988-1991), NASA-Ames Research Center.
Elected to: the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters (2002), the National Academy of Sciences of the United States (2007), fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (2007), fellow of the Geochemical Society (2007), fellow of the American Association of Microbiology (2008). Elected member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2012).
ISI highly cited researcher, Geology (2005). Paper (Poulton et al., Nature, 2004) chosen as one of 5 most important Danish Science breakthroughs in 2004. 
Vladimir Vernadsky Medal (2008), European Union of Geoscientists. 
The Urey Award (2011), European Association of Geochemistry.

 

Forskningsområde

I might consider myself a biogeochemist, a geobiologist, a microbial ecologist, or a variety of other things depending on whom I am talking to. Indeed, my work is multidisciplinary and involves elements of microbial ecology, biogeochemistry, and geology. In the broadest sense, I am interested in understanding the cycling of bioactive elements of the modern earth, and into the distant geological past. I am particularly interested in understanding how the chemistry of the Earth surface has changed through geologic time, and how this changing chemistry might have influenced the nature and structure of ecosystems and the evolution of life. This work takes us to modern environments including marine sediments, anoxic marine basins, and anoxic lakes. Our work also takes us to rocks deposited long ago. In total, we aim to understand how to read the chemical traces preserved in ancient rocks and how these traces can tell us of the nature of ocean and atmospheric chemistry.

We also explore modern microbes to understand how environmental variables like temperature, oxygen content, trace metal availability, or sulfate levels might influence their activity as well as the nature of any metabolic products they might leave behind. In this regard, we have been particularly interested in exploring the factors influencing isotopic fractionation associated with sulfur metabolism. Through this work we have been able to piece together the history of seawater sulfate concentrations and the relationship between sulfate levels and concentrations of atmospheric oxygen.

Fingeraftryk Fingeraftryk er baseret på at anvende teksten fra personernes videnskabelige dokumenter til at skabe et indeks med vægtede emneordskoncepter, som definerer de vigtigste emner for hver enkelt forsker.

  • 8 Lignende profiler
sulfate Geo- og miljøvidenskab
oxygen Geo- og miljøvidenskab
sulfur Geo- og miljøvidenskab
sulfur isotope Geo- og miljøvidenskab
fractionation Geo- og miljøvidenskab
sulfur cycle Geo- og miljøvidenskab
ocean Geo- og miljøvidenskab
isotope Geo- og miljøvidenskab

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Publikationer 1993 2019

Chromium isotope cycling in the water column and sediments of the Peruvian continental margin

Bruggmann, S., Scholz, F., Klaebe, R. M., Canfield, D. E. & Frei, R., 15. jul. 2019, I : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 257, s. 224-242

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

chromium
continental margin
water column
isotope
sediment

Experimental determination of pyrite and molybdenite oxidation kinetics at nanomolar oxygen concentrations

Johnson, A. C., Romaniello, S. J., Reinhard, C. T., Gregory, D. D., Garcia-Robledo, E., Revsbech, N. P., Canfield, D. E., Lyons, T. W. & Anbar, A. D., 15. mar. 2019, I : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 249, s. 160-172

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

molybdenite
pyrite
oxidation
kinetics
oxygen
5 Downloads (Pure)

Mesophilic microorganisms build terrestrial mats analogous to Precambrian microbial jungles

Finke, N., Simister, R. L., O'Neil, A. H., Nomosatryo, S., Henny, C., MacLean, L. C., Canfield, D. E., Konhauser, K., Lalonde, S. V., Fowle, D. A. & Crowe, S. A., 20. sep. 2019, I : Nature Communications. 10, 11 s., 4323.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Åben adgang
Fil
Embryophyta
Indonesia
weathering
Methane
microorganisms
56 Downloads (Pure)

No N2 fixation in the Bay of Bengal?

Löscher, C., Mohr, W., Bange, H. & Canfield, D. E., sep. 2019, (Under udarbejdelse) I : Biogeosciences Discussions.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskning

Fil
Bay of Bengal
fixation
primary productivity
water column
nitrogen

Organism motility in an oxygenated shallow-marine environment 2.1 billion years ago

El Albani, A., Gabriela Mangano, M., Buatois, L. A., Bengtson, S., Riboulleau, A., Bekker, A., Konhauser, K., Lyons, T., Rollion-Bard, C., Bankole, O., Baghekema, S. G. L., Meunier, A., Trentesaux, A., Mazurier, A., Aubineau, J., Laforest, C., Fontaine, C., Recourt, P., Fru, E. C., Macchiarelli, R. & 3 flere, Reynaud, J. Y., Gauthier-Lafaye, F. & Canfield, D. E., 26. feb. 2019, I : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 116, 9, s. 3431-3436

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Gabon
Biota
Cell Aggregation
Gastropoda
Food

Aktiviteter 1986 2019

PetroChina

Donald E. Canfield (Gæsteforsker)
1. okt. 201923. okt. 2019

Aktivitet: Gæsteophold ved andre institutioner

Keynote talk: Life and low oxygen

Donald E. Canfield (Keynote speaker)
16. sep. 2019

Aktivitet: Foredrag og mundtlige bidragGæsteforelæsning, undervisning og kursusvirksomhed ved andre universiteter

PetroChina

Donald E. Canfield (Gæsteforsker)
30. maj 201921. jun. 2019

Aktivitet: Gæsteophold ved andre institutioner

PetroChina

Donald E. Canfield (Gæsteforsker)
11. jan. 201925. jan. 2019

Aktivitet: Gæsteophold ved andre institutioner

PetroChina

Donald Eugene Canfield (Gæsteforsker)
2. okt. 201826. okt. 2018

Aktivitet: Gæsteophold ved andre institutioner

Projekter 2005 2023

EU - FP6 - Marie Curie - ECoSIF

Canfield, D. E.

01/08/200731/10/2008

Projekter: ProjektForskning

EU - FP6 - Marie Curie - BIOSUMM

Canfield, D. E.

07/02/200706/02/2010

Projekter: ProjektForskning

Danmarks Grundforskningsfond - Centers of Excellence - NordCEE

Canfield, D. E.

01/07/200531/07/2010

Projekter: ProjektForskning

Presse/medie

FORSKNING

Donald Eugene Canfield

07/04/2017

1 element af Mediedækning

Presse/medie

Ilt nok, men hvor var dyrene?

Donald Eugene Canfield

08/01/2016

1 element af Mediedækning

Presse/medie

Priser

Modtagelse af Æresdoktor-titel. Poitiers Université, France

Donald Eugene Canfield (Modtager), 25. feb. 2015

Pris: Priser, stipendier, udnævnelser

Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky Medal 2010

Donald Eugene Canfield (Modtager), 5. maj 2010

Pris: Priser, stipendier, udnævnelser