1993 …2020

Publikationer pr. år

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Personlig profil

CV

Born: November 14, 1957
Nationality: American

Education: 1979, B.S. in Chemistry, Miami University; 1984, M.Phil., and 1988, Ph.D. in Geochemistry, Yale University, New Haven.

Professional Experience:
1982-1987: Assistant in Research, Yale University; 
Sept. 1987-May 1988: Visiting Assistant Professor, Univ. Michigan; 
Nov. 1988-July 1991: NRC Research Associate, NASA-Ames; 
May 1990-Sept. 1990, Visiting Scientist, Univ. Aarhus; 
August 1991-Dec. 1991: Visiting Lecturer, Univ. Aarhus; 
Jan. 1992-May 1995: Assistant Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology; 
Sept. 1993-Nov. 1996: BAT 1b scientist, Max Planck for Marine Microbiology, Bremen; 
Nov. 1996-present: Professor of Ecology, Univ. Southern Denmark; 
December 1997-2005: Co-director, Danish Center for Earth System Science (DCESS); 
Sept 2005-2016, Director, Nordic Center for Earth Evolution (NordCEE)

Special recognition 
NRC Postdoctoral fellowship (1988-1991), NASA-Ames Research Center.
Elected to: the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters (2002), the National Academy of Sciences of the United States (2007), fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (2007), fellow of the Geochemical Society (2007), fellow of the American Association of Microbiology (2008). Elected member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (2012).
ISI highly cited researcher, Geology (2005). Paper (Poulton et al., Nature, 2004) chosen as one of 5 most important Danish Science breakthroughs in 2004. 
Vladimir Vernadsky Medal (2008), European Union of Geoscientists. 
The Urey Award (2011), European Association of Geochemistry.

 

Forskningsområde

I might consider myself a biogeochemist, a geobiologist, a microbial ecologist, or a variety of other things depending on whom I am talking to. Indeed, my work is multidisciplinary and involves elements of microbial ecology, biogeochemistry, and geology. In the broadest sense, I am interested in understanding the cycling of bioactive elements of the modern earth, and into the distant geological past. I am particularly interested in understanding how the chemistry of the Earth surface has changed through geologic time, and how this changing chemistry might have influenced the nature and structure of ecosystems and the evolution of life. This work takes us to modern environments including marine sediments, anoxic marine basins, and anoxic lakes. Our work also takes us to rocks deposited long ago. In total, we aim to understand how to read the chemical traces preserved in ancient rocks and how these traces can tell us of the nature of ocean and atmospheric chemistry.

We also explore modern microbes to understand how environmental variables like temperature, oxygen content, trace metal availability, or sulfate levels might influence their activity as well as the nature of any metabolic products they might leave behind. In this regard, we have been particularly interested in exploring the factors influencing isotopic fractionation associated with sulfur metabolism. Through this work we have been able to piece together the history of seawater sulfate concentrations and the relationship between sulfate levels and concentrations of atmospheric oxygen.

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Publikationer

Carbon isotopes in clastic rocks and the Neoproterozoic carbon cycle

Canfield, D. E., Knoll, A. H., Poulton, S. W., Narbonne, G. M. & Dunning, G. R., feb. 2020, I : American Journal of Science. 320, 2, s. 97-124

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

No N2 fixation in the Bay of Bengal?

Löscher, C., Mohr, W., Bange, H. & Canfield, D. E., 2020, I : Biogeosciences Discussions. 17, s. 851–864 14 s.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskning

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    Redox-sensitive trace metals as paleoredox proxies: A review and analysis of data from modern sediments

    Bennett, W. W. & Canfield, D. E., maj 2020, I : Earth-Science Reviews. 204, 103175.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

  • Chromium isotope cycling in the water column and sediments of the Peruvian continental margin

    Bruggmann, S., Scholz, F., Klaebe, R. M., Canfield, D. E. & Frei, R., 15. jul. 2019, I : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 257, s. 224-242

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Experimental determination of pyrite and molybdenite oxidation kinetics at nanomolar oxygen concentrations

    Johnson, A. C., Romaniello, S. J., Reinhard, C. T., Gregory, D. D., Garcia-Robledo, E., Revsbech, N. P., Canfield, D. E., Lyons, T. W. & Anbar, A. D., 15. mar. 2019, I : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 249, s. 160-172

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  • Aktiviteter

    Ph.D. defense, Caroline Scholtze (Begivenhed)

    Donald E. Canfield (Formand)

    6. dec. 2019

    Aktivitet: MedlemskabMedlemskab af bedømmelsesudvalg

    PetroChina

    Donald E. Canfield (Gæsteforsker)

    1. okt. 201923. okt. 2019

    Aktivitet: Gæsteophold ved andre institutioner

    Keynote talk: Life and low oxygen

    Donald E. Canfield (Keynote speaker)

    16. sep. 2019

    Aktivitet: Foredrag og mundtlige bidragGæsteforelæsning, undervisning og kursusvirksomhed ved andre universiteter

    PetroChina

    Donald E. Canfield (Gæsteforsker)

    30. maj 201921. jun. 2019

    Aktivitet: Gæsteophold ved andre institutioner

    PetroChina

    Donald E. Canfield (Gæsteforsker)

    11. jan. 201925. jan. 2019

    Aktivitet: Gæsteophold ved andre institutioner

    Projekter

    EU - FP6 - Marie Curie - ECoSIF

    Canfield, D. E.

    01/08/200731/10/2008

    Projekter: ProjektForskning

    EU - FP6 - Marie Curie - BIOSUMM

    Canfield, D. E.

    07/02/200706/02/2010

    Projekter: ProjektForskning

    Danmarks Grundforskningsfond - Centers of Excellence - NordCEE

    Canfield, D. E.

    01/07/200531/07/2010

    Projekter: ProjektForskning

    Presse/medier

    FORSKNING

    Donald Eugene Canfield

    07/04/2017

    1 element af Mediedækning

    Presse/medie

    Ilt nok, men hvor var dyrene?

    Donald Eugene Canfield

    08/01/2016

    1 element af Mediedækning

    Presse/medie

    Priser

    Modtagelse af Æresdoktor-titel. Poitiers Université, France

    Canfield, Donald E. (Modtager), 25. feb. 2015

    Pris: Priser, stipendier, udnævnelser

    Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky Medal 2010

    Canfield, Donald E. (Modtager), 5. maj 2010

    Pris: Priser, stipendier, udnævnelser