The impact of otitis media on peripheral and central-auditory processing: A systematic review

Aktivitet: Foredrag og mundtlige bidragKonferenceoplæg


Background: Otitis media (OM) is among the most common childhood diseases, with 80% of children having had at least one OM episode by the time they turn 8 years of age. Although OM is often self-limiting, many studies have suggested that recurrent OM episodes during early-childhood may have long-lasting negative effects on the ability to understand speech in noise. Studies investigating the peripheral and central mechanisms underlying these deficits have shown variable results. Hence, a need exists to summarize the evidence concerning the long-term effects of early-childhood OM on peripheral and central auditory processing.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted. Original studies were identified through systematic searches in the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases. Two reviewers independently screened the studies for inclusion. Studies comparing peripheral (pure-tone audiometry, otoacoustic emissions) or central (temporal, spectral, binaural) processing in children and young adults with a history of early-childhood OM to a control group were included. Both recurrent acute OM, as well as OM with effusion were considered.

Results: The search identified 14,762 records. After removal of duplicates, 11,301 records were screened based on the title and abstract, of which 276 were found to be eligible. Full text screening of all eligible records is currently underway.

Conclusions: Here, we will present the results of our systematic review on the consequences of early-childhood OM on auditory processing. Structuring the available evidence will inform clinical practice on the potential long-term consequences of OM, and will also identify the need for future research.
Periode11. feb. 202315. feb. 2023
Begivenhedstitel46th Annual MidWinter Meeting of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology
PlaceringOrlando, USA, FloridaVis på kort
Grad af anerkendelseInternational