Between joyride and high-stakes examination - writing development in Denmark

  • Elf, N. (Oplægsholder)
  • Solveig Troelsen (Oplægsholder)

Aktivitet: Foredrag og mundtlige bidragKonferenceoplæg


The background for this study is a cross-national investigation of writing development and teaching writing in 9 countries across the world. This study concerns the Danish context.
This paper analyses how writing and writing development has been and currently is prescribed and enacted in the curriculum for Danish as a subject (L1) in Years 1-9. Highlighting historical points of impact for writing in curricula from the early 19th century through frequent reforms in the 20th and 21st centuries, we focus empirically on the 2014 ruling curricular document Common Standards [Fælles mål] and auxiliary documents framing writing assessment at the school-leaving exam, as well as empirical classroom studies. Analyses of steering documents indicate that there has been an unprecedented push towards outcome-based and competence-oriented writing curricula. Following Ivanič’s Discourses of Writing (DoW) framework, process writing is found to be the most dominant discourse from Grades 1-7. The analysis of the enacted writing curriculum, which focuses on empirical studies from 2009 until now, reveals that the enacted curriculum is misaligned with the prescriptive curriculum and tends to position the student in ambiguous ways – from joyful writer to a writer tested in high-stakes exams. For discussion, we call for a more coherent writing curriculum. Methodologically, we argue that the DoW framework needs to be complemented with a Nordic Bildung tradition, which accentuates personal formation, and a multimodal framework informing the Danish and other countries’ curriculum.
Periode6. mar. 2021
BegivenhedstitelWRAB 5/2021: Writing Research Across Borders
Grad af anerkendelseInternational